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Theories and Models of Corporate Governance


Thomas Wuil Joo


University of California - Davis Law School


CORPORATE GOVERNANCE: A SYNTHESIS OF THEORY, RESEARCH, AND PRACTICE, H. Kent Baker, Ronald Anderson, eds., John Wiley & Sons, 2010
UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 213

Abstract:     
This essay is a brief historical survey of the leading models of the corporation in American legal theory, with emphasis on the contemporary theory of contractarianism. "Corporate governance" is often said to chiefly concern the "internal" governance of corporations: that is, the relationship among the participants in the corporate enterprise. "Internal" governance is sometimes distinguished from "external" regulation of the nominally "private" business corporation by the state. But the internal and external relationships are intertwined and not mutually exclusive. Thus, even as the contemporary legal discourse on corporate governance purports to focus on internal matters, it advances arguments regarding the extent to which internal relationships are, and should be, structured by private claimants, and the extent to which they are, or should be, structured externally by the state.

These issues are often framed in terms of a debate over the "nature" or "essence" of the corporation. Recurring questions include who "owns" the corporation, whether a corporation is an "artificial" phenomenon created by state fiat or a "natural" byproduct of human interaction, whether the corporation is an entity separate from its constituent individuals, and why decision-making authority is concentrated in professional managers. The shifting answers to these questions are presented as justifications for, or critiques of, the existing corporate governance regime, but can also be seen as shorthand for unspoken normative assumptions about the respective roles of the group, the state, and the individual.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 27

Keywords: corporations, corporate governance, corporate theory, legal theory

JEL Classification: K22

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Date posted: January 28, 2010 ; Last revised: March 24, 2010

Suggested Citation

Joo, Thomas Wuil, Theories and Models of Corporate Governance. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE: A SYNTHESIS OF THEORY, RESEARCH, AND PRACTICE, H. Kent Baker, Ronald Anderson, eds., John Wiley & Sons, 2010; UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 213. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1543397

Contact Information

Thomas Wuil Joo (Contact Author)
University of California - Davis Law School ( email )
Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall
400 Mrak Hall Dr.
Davis, CA 95616-5201
United States
(530) 754-6089 (Phone)
(530) 752-4704 (Fax)

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