The Impact of Oil Export Earnings on Nigeria's External Debt
Sanusi Gbenga Peter
University of Ibadan - Department of Economics
February 4, 2010
USAEE Working Paper No. 10-038
The study investigates the relationship between oil export earnings and Nigeria’s external debt. The intent is to empirically determine the relationship between external debt and oil revenue using the data from 1970 to 2006. The model which was econometrically estimated and simulated, found out that; there is empirical evidence to support the fact that oil export earnings has a positive relationship with the country’s external debt. Besides, external debt has affected Nigeria’s economic growth negatively. External reserve and trade openness shows an inverse relationship with external debt. The paper therefore concluded that, poor management of these two sources of revenue vis-à-vis, oil export earnings and external debt is the major problem over the period under investigation. The external debt crisis is symptomatic of a deeper domestic economic disequilibrium. To correct this, policies that instill fiscal discipline, elimination of corruption, political stability, diversification of the economy and reduction on oil dependence will help in promoting sustainable economic development.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 20
Keywords: External Debt, Oil export earnings, Debt-Resource-Hypothesis, Economic growth, paradox of plenty
Date posted: February 6, 2010 ; Last revised: January 23, 2013
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