References (38)



Heterogeneous Response to Marine Reserve Formation: A Sorting Model Approach

Junjie Zhang

University of California, San Diego

Martin D. Smith

Duke University - Nicholas School for the Environment; Duke University - Department of Economics

February 5, 2010

Environmental and Resource Economics, Forthcoming

The bioeconomic impacts of spatial fisheries management hinge on how fishing vessels reallocate their effort over space. However, empirical studies face two challenges: heterogeneous behavioral responses and unobservable resource abundance. This paper addresses these two problems simultaneously by using an unusual data set and an estimation technique developed in the industrial organization literature. We apply the methods to location and species choices in the Gulf of Mexico reef-fish fishery. The models are used to explore spatial effort substitution in response to two marine reserves. Individual attributes from a survey of vessel captains are linked to each fisherman's observed daily trip information to control for observable heterogeneity. Some unobservable abundance information is captured by location- and species-specific constants and estimated by contraction mapping. The empirical results confirm that there is significant heterogeneity in fishermen's response to the formation of marine reserves. They also show that ignoring unobservable abundance information will lead to significant bias in predicting spatial fishing effort.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 30

Keywords: marine reserves, locational sorting, heterogeneous behavior, survey

JEL Classification: Q22, C35

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Date posted: February 7, 2010 ; Last revised: March 18, 2014

Suggested Citation

Zhang, Junjie and Smith, Martin D., Heterogeneous Response to Marine Reserve Formation: A Sorting Model Approach (February 5, 2010). Environmental and Resource Economics, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1548554 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1548554

Contact Information

Junjie Zhang (Contact Author)
University of California, San Diego ( email )
9500 Gilman Dr #0519
La Jolla, CA 92093
United States
858-822-5733 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://pages.ucsd.edu/~junjiezhang/
Martin D. Smith
Duke University - Nicholas School for the Environment ( email )
Box 90328
Durham, NC 27708-0328
United States
919-613-8028 (Phone)
919-684-8741 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://fds.duke.edu/db/Nicholas/esp/faculty/marsmith
Duke University - Department of Economics
213 Social Sciences Building
Box 90097
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States
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