Reclaiming the Meaning of 'Direct Tax'
Northwestern University - School of Law
February 15, 2010
The history of the litigation in the carriage tax case, Hylton v. United States (1796), including the extraordinary steps taken to present a case to the Supreme Court in which the tax would be ratified, suggests that the case was far more important than the simple amount of revenue at stake. This article explores the motivation behind the imposition of the carriage tax, and its defense in Hylton, as a part of the effort s of Hamilton and his fellow Federalists to create a robust federal government. That federal government would include revenue officers whose loyalties were primarily to the federal government not the state governments, and a federal power to tax that was neither limited to excise and other transaction-based taxes nor constrained by the apportionment clause.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 86
Keywords: Direct Tax, power to Tax, Alexander Hamilton, Apportionment, Tax History
JEL Classification: B25, H77, K34, N11
Date posted: February 16, 2010 ; Last revised: February 20, 2010
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