Brain Drain from Turkey: Return Intentions of Skilled Migrants
Nil Demet Gungor
Atilim University - Department of Economics
Middle East Technical University (METU) - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Economic Research Forum (ERF)
February 2, 2010
International Migration, Forthcoming
The study estimates an empirical model of return intentions using a dataset compiled from an internet survey of Turkish professionals residing abroad. In the migration literature, wage differentials are often cited as an important factor explaining skilled migration. The findings of our study suggest, however, that non-pecuniary factors, such as the importance of family and social considerations, are also influential in the return or non-return decision of the highly educated. In addition, economic instability in Turkey, prior intensions to stay abroad and work experience in Turkey also increase non-return. Female respondents also appear less likely to return indicating a more selective migration process for females.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 43
Keywords: skilled migration, brain drain, return intentions, Turkey
JEL Classification: F20, F22Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: February 24, 2010 ; Last revised: April 23, 2011
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