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The Pragmatic Incrementalism of Common Law Intellectual Property

Shyamkrishna Balganesh

University of Pennsylvania Law School

March 2010

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 63, Nov. 2010
U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-12

‘Common law intellectual property’ refers to a set of judge-made legal regimes that create exclusionary entitlements in different kinds of intangibles. Principally the creation of courts, many of these regimes are older than their statutory counterparts and continue to co-exist with them. Surprisingly though, intellectual property scholarship has paid scant attention to the nuanced law-making mechanisms and techniques that these regimes employ to navigate through several of intellectual property law’s substantive and structural problems. Common law intellectual property regimes employ a process of rule development that this Article calls ‘pragmatic incrementalism’. It involves the use of pragmatic and minimalist techniques that emphasize: (i) caution in the face of uncertainty; (ii) the use of value neutral legal standards; (iii) customary practices to tailor the regime to different contexts, and (iv) balancing the ex ante and ex post effects of adjudication. In working these ideas, courts develop rules that are flexible, context-dependent, and capable of affirming multiple values without looking for a single overarching theory. In the process, the regimes very effectively avoid the problems of uniformity, overbreadth, and ossification. The patent and copyright systems are today in a state of crisis, with scholars and policy-makers recognizing the need for a fundamental overhaul. Yet, few have turned to the common law method for solutions. Common law intellectual property, I argue, may provide us with a way forward, by drawing attention to the simple strengths of the common law method and its likely benefits for intellectual property law.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 60

Keywords: Common law, intellectual property, caution, pragmatism, practical reasoning, minimalism, custom, precedent, flexibility, incrementalism, patent reform, copyright reform, uniformity, overbreadth, ossification, courts, adjudication

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Date posted: March 24, 2010  

Suggested Citation

Balganesh, Shyamkrishna, The Pragmatic Incrementalism of Common Law Intellectual Property (March 2010). Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 63, Nov. 2010; U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-12. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1572847

Contact Information

Shyamkrishna Balganesh (Contact Author)
University of Pennsylvania Law School ( email )
3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
215-573-7780 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://sbalganesh.law.upenn.edu
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