Growth, History, or Institutions? What Explains State Fragility in Sub-Saharan Africa
Università di Modena; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
affiliation not provided to SSRN
IZA Discussion Paper No. 4817
We explore the determinants of state fragility in sub-Saharan Africa. Controlling for a wide range of economic, demographic, geographic and institutional regressors, we find that institutions, and in particular the civil liberties index and the number of revolutions, are the main determinants of fragility, even taking into account their potential endogeneity. Economic factors such as income growth and investment display a non robust impact after controlling for omitted variables and reverse causality. Colonial variables reflecting the history of the region display a marginal impact on fragility once institutions are accounted for.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 31
Keywords: state fragility, Africa, institutions, colonial history
JEL Classification: O43, H11, N17working papers series
Date posted: March 22, 2010
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