The Causes and Consequences of Internal Control Problems in Nonprofit Organizations
College of William and Mary - Mason School of Business
University of Michigan - Stephen M. Ross School of Business
National University of Singapore (NUS)
March 31, 2010
This study examines the causes and consequences of internal control deficiencies in the nonprofit sector using a sample of 27,495 public charities from 1999 to 2007. We first document that the likelihood of reporting an internal control problem increases for nonprofit organizations which are in poor financial health, growing, more complex, and/or smaller. We then present evidence that the disclosure of weak internal controls over financial reporting is negatively associated with subsequent donor support received after controlling for the current level of donor support and other factors influencing donations. We likewise report a negative association between internal control problems and subsequent government grants. Our results suggest that donors and government agencies, important sources of capital for nonprofit organizations, react either directly or indirectly to internal control information.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 45
Keywords: internal control, nonprofit organizations, donors, government grants
JEL Classification: I18, I28, L31, M41
Date posted: April 2, 2010
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