The Power of Metaphor: Thomas Jefferson's 'Wall of Separation between Church & State'
Julie A. Oseid
University of St. Thomas School of Law (Minnesota)
U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-14
This article is the second in a planned series of articles about the writing qualities and habits of our most eloquent American Presidents. This article examines Thomas Jefferson and his use of one powerful metaphor to describe the First Amendment religion clause as "building a wall of separation between Church & State." Perhaps no metaphor about church-state relations has been more powerful, more controversial, or more lasting. I leave the debate about whether Jefferson's "wall of separation" metaphor is a brilliant, flawed, complex, or simplistic metaphor for the First Amendment religion clause to Constitutional scholars and historians.
Instead, this article has other goals: to examine how Jefferson's understanding of metaphor differed from the modern understanding of the use of metaphor in a legal context, to study how Jefferson came to use the "wall of separation" metaphor, to consider how the metaphor developed into a doctrinal metaphor substituting for the language and meaning of the First Amendment religion clause, and to glean lessons for legal writers from Jefferson's "wall of separation" metaphor. The article concludes that Jefferson's use of the "wall of separation" metaphor should serve as both inspiration and encouragement to modern legal writers as we craft our own metaphors.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 41
Keywords: Thomas Jefferson, presidents, law and religion, first amendment, separation of church and state, legal writing, legal rhetoric, wall of separation
Date posted: April 5, 2010
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