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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1592536
 
 

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Catastrofismo y Retrospección: Hermenéutica Narrativa en la Biología y en la Historia (Catastrophism and Retrospection: Narrative Hermeneutics in Biology and History) (Spanish)


Jose Angel Garcia Landa


Universidad de Zaragoza

2000


Abstract:     
Se trata de una reflexión sobre el fenómeno cognitivo de la distorsión retrospectiva o "hindsight bias". Comento en este artículo un paralelismo observable entre algunas teorías recientes de la evolución biológica por una parte y de la hermenéutica textual por otra. El análisis se centra sobre dos obras: "Wonderful Life", de Stephen Jay Gould, y "Foregone Conclusions", de Michael André Bernstein. En ambas se observa una alta consciencia de la naturaleza inevitablemente narrativa de la historia, así como una llamada de aviso ante la interpretación direccional de la historia, en la que ven una ilusión perspectivística que resulta de esta narratividad.

The paper deals with some cognitive implications of hindsight bias. It examines some analogies between contemporary views on the evolution of life on one hand and present-day textual hermeneutics on the other. For the purpose of my analysis, these disciplines will be represented by two works: "Wonderful Life", by Stephen Jay Gould, and "Foregone Conclusions", by Michael André Bernstein. Both evince an intense awareness of the inescapably narrative nature of historical studies, and both warn against teleological interpretations of history. Such directionality is denounced as the product of hindsight, a perspectival illusion resulting from the narrative nature of history.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 13

Keywords: Narrative, Narrativity, Hindsight, Hindsight bias, Fallacies, Cognition, Retrospection, Stephen Jay Gould, Michael André Bernstein, History, Evolution, Teleology, Hermeneutics

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Date posted: April 19, 2010 ; Last revised: May 28, 2011

Suggested Citation

Garcia Landa, Jose Angel, Catastrofismo y Retrospección: Hermenéutica Narrativa en la Biología y en la Historia (Catastrophism and Retrospection: Narrative Hermeneutics in Biology and History) (Spanish) (2000). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1592536 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1592536

Contact Information

Jose Angel Garcia Landa (Contact Author)
Universidad de Zaragoza ( email )
Gran Via 2
50005 Zaragoza
Spain
HOME PAGE: http://www.garcialanda.net
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