Nonprofits and the Sales and Use Tax
Mark J. Cowan
Boise State University
May 10, 2010
Florida Tax Review, Vol. 9, No. 13, p. 1077, 2010
States vary in the application of their sales and use tax regimes to nonprofit organizations. Some states grant broad exemptions, others limit exemptions to an enumerated list of organizations, and others treat nonprofits much like they would any other taxpayer. The purpose of this Article is to analyze ways that states might review, rationalize, and reform the way they apply their sales and use taxes to nonprofit organizations. The Article addresses the key issues of whether sales/use tax exemptions should be used to subsidize nonprofits and whether such subsidies create unfair competition. The Article analyzes the issues from a sales/use tax point of view and a nonprofit point of view – drawing on the practical realties and the theories underlying both areas of the tax law. The analysis highlights longstanding, well-known problems in the broader state sales/use tax systems, but also reveals issues that are unique to nonprofits. For good measure, the political issue of the taxation of Girl Scout Cookies, which seems to arise at nearly every turn, is addressed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 195
Keywords: nonprofits, sales tax, use tax, tax exemptions
JEL Classification: H71, K34Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: May 10, 2010 ; Last revised: March 8, 2012
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