Combating the Global Financial Crisis with Aggressive Expansionary Monetary Policy: Same Medicine, Different Outcomes in China, UK and USA
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies
Wing Thye Woo
University of California, Davis - Department of Economics
May 13, 2010
In 2008-2009, the US and the UK undertook quantitative easing to drive interest rates to near zero to combat the Global Financial Crisis, and China increased the growth rate of base money slightly. The resulting credit growth was very slight in US and UK but over 100% in China. The US and UK money multipliers collapsed because the required capital adequacy ratio (CAR) was binding for many of their banks. Specifically, the value of the money multiplier is zero when CAR is not met; is one when CAR is binding and when the asset purchased by the central bank requires the commercial bank to hold capital against it; and equals the reciprocal of the required reserve ratio when CAR is not binding. To improve China’s economic performance, we propose three new growth drivers to replace the present instruments of macro-stimulus: changes in rural economic institutions to create new entrepreneurs, an urbanization strategy based on the principle of future home ownership, and modernization of the financial system.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 29
Keywords: Global financial crisis, quantitative easing, capital adequacy ratio, principle of future home ownership, balance-sheet repair, demand-replacement therapy
JEL Classification: E44, E51, E65, F41, G21, O53, P31working papers series
Date posted: May 29, 2010 ; Last revised: July 12, 2010
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