Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1617465
 
 

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Does Weather Actually Affect Tipping? An Empirical Analysis of Time Series Data


Sean Masaki Flynn


Vassar College

Adam Eric Greenberg


University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics

May 28, 2010

Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 2012, 42 (3): 702-716

Abstract:     
Prior literature has found evidence that pleasant weather (namely, sunshine) leads to higher tipping rates, presumably because it improves the moods of either servers or patrons. However, studies examining the relationship between pleasant weather and tipping behavior have involved relatively small samples of participants and daily observations. In addition, only one such study (Cunningham, 1979) used actual weather data to examine this relationship. We address these shortcomings by testing empirically the weather–tipping relationship on 2 years of actual sales data from a busy restaurant. We found no statistically significant relationship between sunshine and tipping. Tipping appears to be better explained as an institutional standard or norm, rather than as a prosocial behavior that can be modulated by weather-induced changes in mood.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 15

Keywords: Tipping, Weather, Prosocial, Helping, Sunshine

JEL Classification: D12, D64, M31, J30

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Date posted: May 29, 2010 ; Last revised: June 3, 2013

Suggested Citation

Flynn, Sean Masaki and Greenberg, Adam Eric, Does Weather Actually Affect Tipping? An Empirical Analysis of Time Series Data (May 28, 2010). Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 2012, 42 (3): 702-716. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1617465 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1617465

Contact Information

Sean Masaki Flynn
Vassar College ( email )
124 Raymond Avenue
Poughkeepsie, NY 12604
United States
Adam Eric Greenberg (Contact Author)
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics ( email )
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0508
United States
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