When Do Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives Impact on Customer-Facing Employees? Evidence from India and the Netherlands
Pavlos A. Vlachos
ALBA Graduate Business School at The American College of Greece
Nikolaos G. Panagopoulos
The University of Alabama
Leeds University Business School; Athens University of Economics and Business, Department of Management Science and Technology
Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Kolkata
February 8, 2014
International Journal of Human-Resource Management, Forthcoming
The vast majority of the extant literature on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has focused on the macro (firm) level of analysis by examining the linkage between CSR and firm-level outcomes. As such, very few studies have focused on the micro (individual) level of analysis. Against this backdrop, the present study focuses on the individual level of analysis thereby contributing to the emerging psychology of CSR literature, which considers employees' perceptions of their employing organizations' social actions as more important than organizations' objective CSR performance (Rupp, Shao, Thornton, & Skarlicki, 2013). Moreover, the study is one of the first examining the role of context in employee attitudes towards CSR. In particular, it builds on the psychology of CSR (e.g., Rupp et al., 2013) literature to propose a research framework that delineates the moderating effects of satisfaction with payment, satisfaction with the job itself, and individualism in the relationship between Corporate Social Performance (CSP) perceptions and customer-facing employees’ behavioral outcomes. Data are collected from customer-facing employees in two major organizations in the Netherlands and India. Results suggest a complex interplay between CSP perceptions and the two facets of job satisfaction as well as that national context is likely to moderate the contingent effects of CSP perceptions on customer-facing employees’ behavioral outcomes.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 40
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Customer-Facing Employees, Job Satisfaction, National Culture Interactive Effects
JEL Classification: M14, M31, M12Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: June 1, 2010 ; Last revised: December 1, 2014
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