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The Economics of Vouchers

David F. Bradford

Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School; NBER; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Daniel Shaviro

New York University School of Law

April 1999

NBER Working Paper No. w7092

This paper aims to provide a swift tour of the economic issues presented by vouchers and thus to fill an apparent gap in the literature for a basic survey of the subject. Among the issues it considers are: factors determining a voucher's cash-equivalence; reasons (such as paternalism, externalities, and distribution) for giving beneficiaries non-cash-equivalent vouchers rather than cash; optimal tax issues involved in the design of vouchers and the choice between vouchers and other delivery mechanisms, including factors determining the optimal marginal reimbursement rate (MRR) in a voucher program, and the similarity between this question and that of determining optimal marginal tax rates (MTRs) under the income tax; the incentive effects of voucher eligibility criteria, such as income or asset tests; factors determining the allocative and price effects of vouchers, both in the short run when unexpectedly enacted and at equilibrium; and factors relevant to the choice between private and public supply that may often overlap with the decision whether to adopt a voucher program.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 67

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Date posted: May 19, 1999  

Suggested Citation

Bradford, David F. and Shaviro, Daniel, The Economics of Vouchers (April 1999). NBER Working Paper No. w7092. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=162973

Contact Information

David F. Bradford (Contact Author)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School ( email )
Department of Economics
Princeton, NJ 08544-1021
United States
609-258-1856 (Phone)
609-258-2809 (Fax)
Daniel Shaviro
New York University School of Law ( email )
40 Washington Square South
Room 314-B
New York, NY 10012-1099
United States
212-998-6187 (Phone)
212-995-4341 (Fax)
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References:  30
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