No Pain, No Gain? How Fluency and Construal Level Affect Consumer Confidence
Claire I. Tsai
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Ann L. McGill
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
June 28, 2010
Journal of Consumer Research, Forthcoming
Choice confidence is affected by fluency and moderated by construal levels that evoke different theories to interpret the feelings of fluency. At lower construal levels, fluency informs the feasibility of completing the concrete steps of the decision process to choose well, but at higher construal levels, fluency informs (insufficient) effort invested for the desirability of the outcome. After manipulating fluency by varying font or number of thoughts recalled, fluency increased confidence for people processing at lower construal levels, but it decreased confidence for those processing at higher construal levels. Construal level does not affect the persuasiveness of consumers’ thoughts, supporting the hypothesis that it is the interpretation of fluency experienced during judgment, not the thought content, which leads to the moderating effects of construal level.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: judgment; confidence, fluency, ease, construal level
Date posted: June 28, 2010
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