Executive Compensation and Risk Taking
Columbia Business School - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)
Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Joel D. Shapiro
University of Oxford - Said Business School
November 3, 2011
FRB of New York Staff Report No. 456
This paper studies the connection between risk taking and executive compensation in financial institutions. A theoretical model of shareholders, debtholders, depositors, and an executive suggests that 1) in principle, excessive risk taking (in the form of risk shifting) may be addressed by basing compensation on both stock price and the price of debt (proxied by the credit default swap spread), but 2) shareholders may be unable to commit to designing compensation contracts in this way and indeed may not want to because of distortions introduced by either deposit insurance or naive debtholders. The paper then provides an empirical analysis that suggests that debt-like compensation for executives is believed by the market to reduce risk for financial institutions.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 44
Keywords: executive compensation, risk taking
JEL Classification: G21, G34
Date posted: July 7, 2010 ; Last revised: November 14, 2011
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