The Two Faces of Insanity
Arnold H. Loewy
Texas Tech University School of Law
Texas Tech Law Review, Vol. 42, p. 513, Winter 2009
Texas Tech Law School Research Paper No. 2010-21
One of the great debates surrounding insanity is whether it is an excuse for criminal defendants designed to exculpate otherwise guilty people or whether it is a device used by the government to inculpate otherwise innocent people. The short answer is both. Sometimes, insanity is used to exculpate someone who is otherwise guilty, while other times, the state successfully chooses to punish those who, because of their insane delusions, lack criminal intent.
In my view, insanity should rarely exculpate and never implicate. Thus, on the one hand, when insanity is invoked as a defense by one who has been proven guilty of the requisite mens rea and actus reus for the crime, insanity should rarely, if ever, exculpate. On the other hand, when the defendant lacks the requisite mens rea to commit the crime, whether because of insanity or any other non-self-induced reason, the defendant should not be guilty.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 11
Keywords: Insanity Defense, criminal law
JEL Classification: K14, K42
Date posted: July 13, 2010 ; Last revised: August 2, 2010
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