When and Why Individuals Obey Contracts: Experimental Evidence of Consent, Compliance, Promise, and Performance
Zev J. Eigen
Northwestern University School of Law; Yale University - Law School (Visiting)
July 14, 2011
Journal of Legal Studies, Forthcoming
This article reports the results of an online experiment that suggest that individuals are more likely to comply with contracts they participated in negotiating (even marginally) than with ones they did not and that pre-consent notice of a contract term increases the likelihood of compliance with that term. The experiment also measures the relative effectiveness of four framings (legal, moral, social, and instrumental) of requests to continue to perform an undesirable task/contract term, as compared to a generic request in the absence of a contract. The moral framing was the most effective at inducing performance. A positivistic legal framing (absent monetary sanctions) was significantly less effective than were other framings and only marginally less so than was a generic request to continue performing the task in the absence of a contract.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 34
Keywords: contract, form-adhesive, experiment, obedience, morality, moral, contracts, mandatory, arbitration, relational, economic, behavioral, EULA, license agreement
JEL Classification: C93, D03, D86, K12, Z13
Date posted: July 15, 2010 ; Last revised: March 29, 2012
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