An Empirical Analysis of Cost Recovery in Superfund Cases: Implications for Brownfields and Joint and Several Liability
Howard F. Chang
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Rutgers University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 11, P. 447, 2014
U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 10-12
U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-23
Economic theory developed in the prior literature indicates that under the joint and several liability imposed by the federal Superfund statute, the government should recover more of its costs of cleaning up contaminated sites than it would under nonjoint liability, and the amount recovered should increase with the number of defendants and with the independence among defendants in trial outcomes. We test these predictions empirically using data on outcomes in federal Superfund cases. Theory also suggests that this increase in the amount recovered may discourage the sale and redevelopment of potentially contaminated sites (or “brownfields”). We find the increase to be substantial, which suggests that this implicit tax on sales may be an important deterrent for parties contemplating brownfields redevelopment.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 37
Keywords: Environmental Law, Torts, Litigation and Settlement, Real Estate, Economics
JEL Classification: K32, K41, Q53, Q58, R38Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: July 17, 2010 ; Last revised: December 12, 2014
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