Recruitment and Retention in Rebel Groups
International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) - Centre for the Study of Civil War; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)
International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO)
APSA 2010 Annual Meeting Paper
Recruitment and retention constitute fundamental requirements for any organization. For a rebel group engaged in armed conflict with the state, recruitment and retention of personnel can constitute the difference between life and death for the leadership of such organizations and the organizations themselves. Utilizing a principal-agent analysis of participation and incentive compatibility constraints, we develop a formal model of recruitment and retention in a rebel group with and without contestation. The model better accounts for positive utility from fighting, and is therefore useful for understanding recruitment and retention in a wider set of rebel groups, ranging from loot-seeking organizations motivated by private benefits on the one hand, to groups driven by individuals motivated by communal benefits or highly ideological or religious principles on the other.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
Keywords: civil war, recruitment, retention, rebellion organizations, principal-agent, religion
JEL Classification: C72, D74working papers series
Date posted: July 19, 2010 ; Last revised: August 25, 2011
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