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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1649225
 
 

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Is Religion and Environmentalism a Complement or a Substitute?: A Club Based Approach


Feler Bose


Alma College - Economics

Tim Komarek


Valdosta State University

December 1, 2014

Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, 2015, Volume 11, Article 1

Abstract:     
In this article, we analyze the causal link between membership in environmental groups and active participation and membership in religious groups. We use a club-based model and employ OLS and spatial econometrics with controls to test for whether membership and participation in a religious group is a substitute or complement for membership in environmental groups. Instrumental variables estimation was used as a robustness check. We found that religious participation and religious membership in evangelical groups are a substitute for environmental membership. Much of the work on environmental concerns has focused on answers to survey questions, not on membership. We used a dataset of environmental membership at the county level to perform our analysis. We further add quantitative evidence to the discussion by some researchers on the link between religion and environmentalism. In this respect, our work aims to investigate further the causal links between religion and environmentalism.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 29

Keywords: Evangelical, Adherence rate, environmentalism, location quotient, Religion, Substitute, Complement

JEL Classification: Q50, Q59, Z12


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Date posted: July 27, 2010 ; Last revised: January 24, 2015

Suggested Citation

Bose, Feler and Komarek, Tim, Is Religion and Environmentalism a Complement or a Substitute?: A Club Based Approach (December 1, 2014). Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, 2015, Volume 11, Article 1. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1649225 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1649225

Contact Information

Feler Bose (Contact Author)
Alma College - Economics ( email )
Alma, MI 14802
United States
Timothy Komarek
Valdosta State University ( email )
1500 N Patterson Street
Valdosta, GA 31698
United States
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