Environmentalism and Religion: Substitutes or Complements, A Human Capital Approach
Valdosta State University
January 25, 2013
Religion plays an important role in people’s lives. One subject that needs to be considered is the relationship between environmentalism and religion. To address this topic, we use a new dataset to examine the relationship between membership in environmental groups and religious adherence. We also examine the relationship between three groups of Christian denominations (mainline protestant, evangelical protestant and Catholic) and membership in an environmental group. We find a negative and statistically significant relationship for both models after controlling for other factors. Results suggest that participating in a religious group is a substitute to being a member in an environmental group. This observation can be explained by using the human capital approach as developed by Gary Becker and others (1964).
Number of Pages in PDF File: 30
Keywords: Evangelical, Adherence rate, environmentalism, location quotient, Religion, Substitute, Complement
JEL Classification: Q50, Q59, Z12working papers series
Date posted: July 27, 2010 ; Last revised: April 22, 2013
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