Variation in Educational Outcomes and Policies Across Countries and of Schools within Countries
Richard B. Freeman
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); University of Edinburgh - School of Social and Political Studies; Harvard University; London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)
Stephen J. Machin
University College London - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Women and Public Policy Program
NBER Working Paper No. w16293
This study examines the variation in educational outcomes across and within countries using the TIMSS mathematics tests. It documents the wide cross-country variation in the level and dispersion of test scores. Countries with the highest test scores are those with the least inequality in scores, which suggests a “virtuous” equity-efficiency trade-off in improving educational outcomes. Analyzing the association of gender, immigrant status, and family background factors with scores, we find large cross-country differences in the relation between those factors and scores.
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Number of Pages in PDF File: 32working papers series
Date posted: August 24, 2010
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