Profitability of Momentum Strategies: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations
Emory University - Department of Finance
University of Texas at Austin - Department of Finance; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
This paper evaluates various explanations for the profitability of momentum strategies documented in Jegadeesh and Titman (1993). The evidence indicates that momentum profits have continued in the 1990's suggesting that the original results were not a product of data snooping bias. The paper also examines the predictions of recent behavioral models that propose that momentum profits are due to delayed overreactions which are eventually reversed. Our evidence provides support for the behavioral models, but this support should be tempered with caution. Although we find no evidence of significant return reversals in the 2 to 3 years following the following formation date, there are significant return reversals 4 to 5 years after the formation date. Our analysis of post-holding period returns sharply rejects a claim in the literature that the observed momentum profits can be explained completely by the cross-sectional dispersion in expected returns.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 38
JEL Classification: G12working papers series
Date posted: July 21, 1999
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