Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1670622
 
 

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The Intra-Household Division of Labor – An Empirical Analysis of Spousal Influences on Individual Time Allocation


Julia Bredtmann


Ruhr Universität Bochum; Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen)

August 1, 2010

Ruhr Economic Paper No. 200

Abstract:     
Regarding total working hours, including both paid and unpaid labor, hardly any differences between German men and women exist. However, whereas men allocate most of their time to market work, women still do most of the non-market work. Using the German Time Use Surveys 1991/92 and 2001/02, this paper aims to analyze the interactions between the time use decisions of partners within one household. Thereby, an interdependent model of the partners’ times allocated to paid and unpaid work that allows for simultaneity and endogeneity of the time allocation decisions of the spouses is applied. The results suggest that male time in market and non-market work is unaffected by their wife’s time use, while women adjust their time allocation to the time schedule of their partner. These findings might partly explain why in Germany – and other European countries as well – gender differences in employment and wages still persist.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 35

Keywords: Intra-household division of labor, time allocation, structural equation model

JEL Classification: J16, J22, C34

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Date posted: September 3, 2010  

Suggested Citation

Bredtmann, Julia, The Intra-Household Division of Labor – An Empirical Analysis of Spousal Influences on Individual Time Allocation (August 1, 2010). Ruhr Economic Paper No. 200. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1670622 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1670622

Contact Information

Julia Bredtmann (Contact Author)
University of Bochum ( email )
Bochum, 44780
Germany
Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen) ( email )
Hohenzollernstr. 1-3
Essen, 45128
Germany
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