Gamma Discounting and the Combination of Forecasts
Mark C. Freeman
University of Bradford - School of Management
University of London - School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)
September 14, 2010
We argue that gamma discounting (Weitzman, 2001) can be understood as a veridical approach to combining experts' forecasts, in which experts are treated as either right or wrong and are weighted equally in pursuit of the 'true' forecast. More appropriate is the optimal-seeking approach in which experts are wrong to varying degrees and forecasts are combined to minimise forecast errors. With uncertainty in the true mean rate characterised in this way the decline in the Certainty Equivalent Discount Rate (CER) is minimal compared to gamma discounting. Using the asymptotic distribution leads to virtually no decline in the CER, even in the deep future. The same is true when small samples of experts are used or when experts are influenced by schools of thought and hence are no longer independent. Risk adjustment is further shown to have minimal impact on our results, with obvious implications for policy.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 24
Keywords: Gamma Discounting, Declining Discount Rates, Veridical, Optimal-Seeking
JEL Classification: Q51, Q54, Q58
Date posted: September 14, 2010
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