Understanding Guatemala’s Cultural Heritage: Extending Protection to Colonial Art in the Memorandum of Understanding Between the United States and Guatemala
Northern Kentucky University
Jennifer Anglim Kreder
Northern Kentucky University - Salmon P. Chase College of Law
September 27, 2010
Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, Vol. 21, 2011
The UNESCO Convention of 1970 was a watershed for the protection of cultural property around the world. In 1983 the United States enacted implementing legislation, and it committed to enforce the Convention on a case-by-case and nation-by-nation basis. The United States has passed statutes, issued executive orders and entered into 14 bilateral treaties to meet its obligations. The President enters renewable treaties to protect a foreign nation’s cultural property after receiving advice from the Cultural Property Advisory Committee. One of those treaties protects pre-Colombian objects originating in Guatemala, but it is incomplete in that it fails to protect colonial art. This article sets forth the risk to which colonial art is exposed in Guatemala, analyzes other bi-lateral treaties negotiated in the Latin American region and concludes that when the Guatemalan treaty is next up for renewal that the Cultural Property Advisory Committee should recommend that it be expanded to cover colonial art – and the President and Guatemala should implement that recommendation.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
Keywords: Guatemala, cultural property, MOU, CPAC, treaty, heritage, cultural heritage, colonial, art, native, indigineous, UNESCO, pre-Colombian, Colombian, culture, colonialism
Date posted: September 28, 2010 ; Last revised: May 11, 2011
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