The Employment of Mothers - Recent Developments and Their Determinants in East and West Germany
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research
Regina T. Riphahn
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
September 30, 2010
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3189
We apply German Mikrozensus data for the period 1996 to 2004 to investigate the employment status of mothers. Specifically, we ask whether there are behavioral differences between mothers in East and West Germany, whether these differences disappear over time, and whether there are differences in the developments for high and low skilled females. We find substantial differences in the employment behavior of East and West German mothers. German family policy sets incentives particularly for low income mothers not to return to the labor market after birth. This seems to affect the development of East-West German employment differences as East German women with low earnings potentials appear to adopt West German low employment patterns over time.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35
Keywords: employment, mothers, parental leave, East Germany, child care
JEL Classification: J21, J13, J18working papers series
Date posted: October 7, 2010
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