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Regulating Tobacco Flavours: Implications of WTO Law


Tania S. Voon


University of Melbourne - Melbourne Law School

Andrew D. Mitchell


University of Melbourne - Melbourne Law School; NYU School of Law

September 10, 2010

Boston University International Law Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2011
U of Melbourne Legal Studies Research Paper No. 513

Abstract:     
Within the World Trade Organization (‘WTO’), regulatory measures of Canada and the United States restricting ‘flavouring’ of tobacco products including cigarettes with additives such as chocolate, clove and sweeteners are under challenge. At the same time, the tobacco lobby continues to target other tobacco control measures on the basis that they violate international trade or investment law, including Australia’s plain packaging proposal, Uruguay’s stricter labelling requirements, and Norway’s display ban. The WTO-consistency of regulatory restrictions on tobacco flavouring provides an informative case study of the relationship between tobacco control and international economic law. The WTO’s General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 and Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade grant WTO Members significant flexibility in implementing genuine health measures including these kinds of restrictions. Nevertheless, to ensure WTO-consistency, tobacco flavouring measures must be carefully designed to achieve their health objectives based on available scientific and empirical evidence, avoiding unnecessary discrimination against or between imported tobacco products and unjustified barriers to international trade. Exemptions for additives that cause direct or indirect harm by masking tobacco harshness, attracting certain groups of consumers such as young people, or increasing the toxicity or addictiveness of tobacco products, are likely to undermine a Member’s health goals and in turn its claim of WTO-consistency.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 32

Keywords: WTO, Trade, Tobacco, WHO, Health

JEL Classification: K33, F02, F14, I18

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Date posted: October 8, 2010 ; Last revised: December 6, 2010

Suggested Citation

Voon, Tania S. and Mitchell, Andrew D., Regulating Tobacco Flavours: Implications of WTO Law (September 10, 2010). Boston University International Law Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2011; U of Melbourne Legal Studies Research Paper No. 513. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1688690

Contact Information

Tania Voon (Contact Author)
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Law School ( email )
University of Melbourne
Victoria 3010
Australia
Andrew D. Mitchell
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Law School ( email )
The University of Melbourne
Victoria, 3010
Australia
+61383441098 (Phone)
+61393472392 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.law.unimelb.edu.au/staff/Andrew%20Mitchell
NYU School of Law ( email )
185 West Broadway
New York, NY 10013
United States
+1 212 992 6166 (Phone)
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