The Combined Impact of PRWORA, FMLA, IRC, FRD, DPPA, and BAPCPA on Single Mothers and Their Children
Southeast Missouri State University - Donald L. Harrison College of Business
Apri 18, 2012
18 JOWL 3, 2012
William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2012
Over the last fifteen years, six United State legal frameworks, including: 1) the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, of 1996, 2) the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 3) the Internal Revenue Code, 4) Family Responsibilities Discrimination, 5) the Deadbeat Parents Punishment Act of 1998, and 6) the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005, have negatively impacted single mothers' ability to save for retirement and raise healthy children. The recession, ending in 2009, caused the loss of 7.3 million jobs, 4.1% of economic output, and 21% of Americans' net worth. The cumulative harm of the economic downturns and six different areas of US state and federal law has a markedly negative impact on single mother families throughout their prime earning years and, consequently, in retirement. Future income is directly linked to educational opportunities. The financial limitations on single mother families restrict their ability to invest in their children's education, causing an unending circle of limited earnings and education.
Keywords: Employment Practice, General Law, Human Rights Law, Law and Society, Legislation, Public Law and Legal Theory, Social Welfare, State and Local Government Law, Taxation, Women, Economics
JEL Classification: H1, K2, K3Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: October 10, 2010 ; Last revised: February 3, 2013
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