Prohibiting Purchase of Sex in Sweden: Impact, Obstacles, Potential, and Supporting Escape
Stockholm University - Department of Political Science
October 12, 2010
Michigan Journal of International Law , Vol. 33 (2011): 133-57
Women's Studies International Forum, Vol. 34, No. 5 (2011): 449-74
Stockholm University Department of Political Science Working Paper No. 2010:3
© Max Waltman 2010
This paper analyzes the core reasons for the Swedish law from 1999 which criminalizes purchase of sex and decriminalizes the prostituted person, passed as part of an omnibus bill against violence against women and recognizing prostitution as a form of it. Further, it documents the law’s impact by comparing data from several recent Swedish studies with the situation in other relevant countries, concluding the law has significantly reduced the occurrence of prostitution manifolds compared to its neighboring countries. Crucial obstacles to effective implementation are also addressed, particularly in current case law. Some of the critique against the law and disinformation about the law’s effects are also commented. Finally, to realize its full potential to support escape from prostitution more efficiently, it is argued that the civil rights of prostituted persons under current law should be strengthened to get damages paid for directly by the tricks/johns for the harm they have contributed to. An additional consideration is for individual states to extend the use of the Palermo Protocol (international law) to charge tricks for trafficking when they "receive" persons who are effectively pimped.
NOTE: For more information on publications by this author, visit his institutional homepage.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 43
Keywords: Prostitution, Trafficking, Purchase of Sex, Foreign Law, Sweden, Equality, Gender-Based Violence, Swedish Law Against Prostitution
JEL Classification: I10, I18, I3, I38, Z00working papers series
Date posted: September 7, 2011 ; Last revised: July 20, 2012
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