Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1693357
 


 



Real Juries


Shari Seidman Diamond


Northwestern University, School of Law & American Bar Foundation

Mary R. Rose


University of Texas at Austin - Department of Sociology

December 2005

Annual Review of Law and Social Science (2005), Vol. 1, pp. 255-284, 2005

Abstract:     
The elaborate efforts of the legal system to control and channel jury behavior reveal a mistrust of an institution that also attracts extravagant praise. We look at the jury by examining research on real juries drawn from archival studies and post-trial surveys and interviews, as well as from the deliberations of real juries. We show how the methods used by courts to gather and select jurors affect the representativeness and legitimacy of the jury. We also examine the evidence underlying skepticism about jury verdicts and decision making, focusing on cases that pose special challenges to jurors, particularly those involving complex evidence, legal complexity, and the death penalty. We then consider how optimal jury trials can be achieved. Even twelve experienced judges, deliberating together, would probably not function well under the conditions we impose on the twelve inexperienced laymen [Judge Jerome Frank, Courts on Trial (1949), p. 120]. Juror #4 (discussing the testimony of an expert physician in a medical malpractice case): What I would like to have is 40 [specialists] and show them the [test results] and okay, get a survey and is this significant or is this not significant and would they have [done what the defendant did]? [Deliberating juror from the Arizona Filming Project ( Diamond et al. 2003 )]

Accepted Paper Series


Not Available For Download

Date posted: October 18, 2010  

Suggested Citation

Diamond, Shari Seidman and Rose, Mary R., Real Juries (December 2005). Annual Review of Law and Social Science (2005), Vol. 1, pp. 255-284, 2005. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1693357 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.lawsocsci.1.041604.120002

Contact Information

Shari Seidman Diamond (Contact Author)
Northwestern University, School of Law & American Bar Foundation ( email )
375 E. Chicago Ave
Unit 1505
Chicago, IL 60611
United States
312-503-2040 (Phone)
Mary R. Rose
University of Texas at Austin - Department of Sociology ( email )
Austin, TX 78712
United States
512-232-6336 (Phone)
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