Multinational Banks and the Performance of Their Subsidiaries Abroad
Warsaw School of Economics - World Economy Research Institute; Kozminski University; European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
October 25, 2010
This paper investigates whether foreign subsidiaries outperform their parent banks in terms of profitability and what determines this outcome. Using a sample of multinational banks and their subsidiaries in a large number of countries, this study shows that, on average, foreign subsidiaries are less profitable than their parent banks. However, the results show that foreign subsidiaries tend to perform better than their parent banks if they are well capitalized, have low overhead costs and loss low provision. I find also show that foreign subsidiaries tend to perform better than their parent banks if the latter are underperforming in the home market. While, the legal distance between host country and host country is an important determinant of the profitability of the subsidiary in relation to its parent bank, to a lesser extent, are the host market’s characteristics. Finally, foreign banks are more likely to outperform parent banks in developing markets than in developed countries. However, different bank and host country determinants influence the profitability of the subsidiaries in these countries.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 27
Keywords: international banking, foreign banks, subsidiary, performance
JEL Classification: F21, F23, G21working papers series
Date posted: October 26, 2010 ; Last revised: August 6, 2011
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