The Short But Interesting Life of Good Faith as an Independent Liability Rule
Robert B. Thompson
Georgetown University Law Center
November 3, 2010
Georgetown Law and Economics Research Paper No. 10-19
Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 10-64
Shareholder challenges to director actions usually assert a breach of the fiduciary duties of loyalty or care. For much of the last two decades, Delaware case law referred to a trilogy of duties holding out the possibility that good faith was an independent basis for liability. Recent opinions tell us this is no so. This article examines why good faith flowered for a while as a possible independent basis for liability — as the latest incarnation of fail/safe doctrines permitting courts to rein in questionable behavior that didn’t quite fit within existing categories; as an effort to avoid the exculpation provisions of Delaware’s statute; and as part of a sermonizing function sometimes undertaken by Delaware courts. Now that good faith is firmly ensconced within the duty of loyalty, the article examines whether the path to this point reflects a Delaware judiciary less willing to engage in substantive review of director action in a takeover context.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 29
Keywords: fiduciary duty, good faith, takeovers
JEL Classification: K00, K13, K20, K22
Date posted: November 4, 2010
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