Role and Functions of Central Bank in Islamic Finance
Salman Ahmed Shaikh
Institute of Business Administration; IBA Karachi
November 15, 2009
Journal of Independent Studies & Research, Forthcoming
The rapid growth in Islamic finance industry urges us to not only look for alternatives in the Islamic commercial banking, but also focus on the regulator and its role and functions to enable it to work in conformity with Islamic principles. This study reviews limited, but precious academic literature on central banking and monetary management in an environment where Islamic finance is in vogue.
Refinance ratio and Qard-e-Hasan ratio and Mudarabah between central bank and Islamic commercial banks are in line with Islamic principles and helps meet liquidity requirements in the banking sector. Mudarabah can be done with profit sharing ratio benchmarked on economy’s nominal income growth. We have presented the evidence on statistical equivalence of nominal Interest rates (being used in conventional banking) and Nominal GDP growth rate (we are recommending to use). The nominal GDP growth linked rate of remuneration can be used to benchmark for external loan arrangements including those from IMF, WB and IDA etc. We suggest central banks particularly in Muslim countries to use nominal income targeting as a rule for the conduct of monetary policy.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 20
Keywords: Islamic Economics, Islamic Finance, Islamic Banking, Central Banking, Nominal Income Targetting, Monetary Policy
JEL Classification: E58, G12Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: November 18, 2010
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