Freedom of Panorama: A Comparative Look at International Restrictions on Public Photography
Bryce Clayton Newell
University of Washington - The Information School
November 15, 2010
44 Creighton Law Review 405
Freedom of panorama, or the right to take and use photographs of public spaces, attempts to balance various property rights with the importance of allowing reasonable freedom for photography in public places. It is typically addressed through copyright, although other laws related to trademark or national security may also restrict public photography. This freedom is more limited in the United States than in many other countries. This paper seeks to explore the balance struck in U.S. law by contrasting it with the approach taken in other jurisdictions, such as the United Kingdom, Brazil, and the European Union. Because public photography has become such a ubiquitous aspect of our participant digital society and many of the uses put to public photography arguably meet the fair use or de minimis use tests, Congress ought to provide clear statutory guidance allowing (at least) these non-commercial fair uses of copyrighted material visible and permanently situated in public places.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 30
Keywords: Panorama, Photo, Photography, Photograph, Law Copyright, National Security, United States, Brazil, United Kingdom, Public, Fair UseAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: November 16, 2010 ; Last revised: January 22, 2014
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