Modelling Overnight and Daytime Returns Using a Multivariate Garch-Copula Model
The Options Clearing Corporation; Indiana University Bloomington - Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research
Simon H. Babbs
The Options Clearing Corporation
June 1, 2010
Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research (CAEPR) Working Paper No. 2010-008
We introduce a multivariate GARCH-Copula model to describe joint dynamics of overnight and daytime returns for multiple assets. The conditional mean and variance of individual overnight and daytime returns depend on their previous realizations through a variant of GARCH specification, and two Student’s t copulas describe joint distributions of both returns respectively. We employ both constant and time-varying correlation matrices for the t copulas and with the time-varying case the dependence structure of both returns depends on their previous dependence structures through a DCC specification. We estimate the model by a two-step procedure, where marginal distributions are estimated in the first step and copulas in the second. We apply our model to overnight and daytime returns of 15 funds of different types, and illustrate its applications in risk management and asset allocation. Our empirical results show (for most tested assets) higher means, lower variance, fatter tails for overnight returns than daytime returns. The comparison results of dependence between overnight and daytime returns are mixed. Daytime returns are significantly negatively correlated with previous overnight returns. Moreover, daytime returns depend on previous overnight returns in both conditional variance and correlation matrix (through a DCC specification). Most of our empirical findings are consistent with the asymmetric information argument in the market microstructure literature. With respect to econometric modelling, our results show a DCC specification for correlation matrices of t copulas significantly improves the fit of data and enables the model to account for time-varying dependence structure.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 27
Keywords: Overnight and daytime returns, GARCH-Copula models
JEL Classification: C32, G12, G14
Date posted: November 19, 2010 ; Last revised: August 26, 2011
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