Missionary Activity and Schooling in Former African Colonies: How Competition Mattered
Francisco A. Gallego
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Robert D. Woodberry
University of Texas at Austin
March 6, 2010
The Journal of African Economies, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 294-329, 2010
Using regional data for about 180 African provinces, we find that measures of Protestant missionary activity in the past are more correlated with schooling variables today than similar measures of Catholic missionary activity, as previous papers have suggested. However, we find that this effect is mainly driven by differences in Catholic areas (i.e., areas in which Catholic missionaries were protected from competition from Protestant missionaries in the past). This is not surprising because most former Catholic colonies had a number of restrictions to the operation of Protestant missionaries that benefited Catholic missionaries. Therefore, our results are consistent with an economic rationale in which different rules created differences in competitive pressures faced by Catholic and Protestant missionaries.
Keywords: Schooling, Institutions, Missionaries, Africa, Religion
JEL Classification: I20, N30, N37, N47, O15, Z12
Date posted: December 3, 2010
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