Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1722018
 
 

Citations



 


 



Do Conscious Thoughts Cause Behavior?


Roy Baumeister


Florida State University - College of Arts & Sciences

E. J. Masicampo


Tufts University

Kathleen Vohs


University of Minnesota, Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management

January 2011

Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 62, pp. 331-361, 2011

Abstract:     
Everyday intuitions suggest full conscious control of behavior, but evidence of unconscious causation and automaticity has sustained the contrary view that conscious thought has little or no impact on behavior. We review studies with random assignment to experimental manipulations of conscious thought and behavioral dependent measures. Topics include mental practice and simulation, anticipation, planning, reflection and rehearsal, reasoning, counterproductive effects, perspective taking, self-affirmation, framing, communication, and overriding automatic responses. The evidence for conscious causation of behavior is profound, extensive, adaptive, multifaceted, and empirically strong. However, conscious causation is often indirect and delayed, and it depends on interplay with unconscious processes. Consciousness seems especially useful for enabling behavior to be shaped by nonpresent factors and by social and cultural information, as well as for dealing with multiple competing options or impulses. It is plausible that almost every human behavior comes from a mixture of conscious and unconscious processing.

Accepted Paper Series


Not Available For Download

Date posted: December 8, 2010  

Suggested Citation

Baumeister, Roy and Masicampo, E. J. and Vohs, Kathleen, Do Conscious Thoughts Cause Behavior? (January 2011). Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 62, pp. 331-361, 2011. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1722018 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.131126

Contact Information

Roy Baumeister (Contact Author)
Florida State University - College of Arts & Sciences ( email )
United States
E. J. Masicampo
Tufts University ( email )
Medford, MA 02155
United States
Kathleen Vohs
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management ( email )
19th Avenue South
Suite 3-150
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States
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