High Frequency Trading and the New-Market Makers
Albert J. Menkveld
VU University Amsterdam; Tinbergen Institute - Tinbergen Institute Amsterdam (TIA); Duisenberg School of Finance
May 13, 2013
Journal of Financial Markets, Vol. 16, 2013
This paper characterizes the trading strategy of a large high-frequency trader (HFT). The HFT incurs a loss on its inventory but earns a profit on the bid-ask spread. Sharpe ratio calculations show that performance is very sensitive to cost of capital assumptions. The HFT employs a cross-market strategy as half of its trades materialize on a large incumbent market and the other half on a small, high-growth entrant market. Trade participation rates are 8.1% and 64.4%, respectively. In both markets, about four out of five of its trades are passive, i.e., its price quote was consumed by others.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 49
Keywords: high frequency trading, market fragmentation, liquidity, market making
JEL Classification: G12
Date posted: December 10, 2010 ; Last revised: December 31, 2013
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