To Groupon or Not to Groupon: The Profitability of Deep Discounts
Benjamin G. Edelman
Harvard University - HBS Negotiations, Organizations and Markets Unit
Harvard University - Department of Economics
Scott Duke Kominers
University of Chicago - Becker Friedman Institute for Research in Economics
October 19, 2011
Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper No. 11-063
We examine the profitability and implications of online discount vouchers, a new marketing tool that offers consumers large discounts when they prepay for participating merchants' goods and services. Within a model of repeat experience good purchase, we examine two mechanisms by which a discount voucher service can benefit affiliated merchants: price discrimination and advertising. For vouchers to provide successful price discrimination, the valuations of consumers who have access to vouchers must systematically differ from ― and typically be lower than ― those of consumers who do not have access to vouchers. Offering vouchers is more profitable for merchants which are patient or relatively unknown, and for merchants with low marginal costs. Extensions to our model accommodate the possibilities of multiple voucher purchases and merchant price re-optimization.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 15
Keywords: Voucher Discounts, Groupon, Experience Goods, Repeat Purchase.working papers series
Date posted: December 18, 2010 ; Last revised: October 19, 2011
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