Measuring Competition Using the Profit Elasticity: American Sugar Industry, 1890-1914
Tilburg University - Center for Economic Research (CentER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); TILEC
Michiel Van Leuvensteijn
CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP8159
The Profit Elasticity (PE) is a new competition measure introduced in Boone (2008). So far, there was no direct proof that this measure can identify regimes of competition empirically. This paper focuses on this issue using data of Genesove and Mullin (1998) in which different regimes of competition are identified. We derive a version of PE suitable for this data set. This competition measure correctly classifies the monopoly cartel regime as being less competitive than both the price war regime and break-up of cartel regime.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 14
Keywords: competition, measures of competition, price cost margin, profit elasticity
JEL Classification: D43, L13
Date posted: December 27, 2010
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