Conditional Volatility, Skewness, and Kurtosis: Existence and Persistence
University of Lausanne; Swiss Finance Institute
University of Lausanne - School of Economics and Business Administration (HEC-Lausanne); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Swiss Finance Institute
Banque de France Working Paper No. 77
Recent portfolio choice asset pricing and option valuation models highlight the importance of skewness and kurtosis. Since skewness and kurtosis are related to extreme variations they are also important for Value-at-Risk measurements. Our framework builds on a GARCH model with a condi-tional generalized-t distribution for residuals. We compute the skewness and kurtosis for this model and compare the range of these moments with the maximal theoretical moments. Our model thus allows for time-varying conditional skewness and kurtosis. We implement the model as a constrained optimization with possibly several thousand restrictions on the dynamics. sequential quadratic programming algorithm successfully estimates all the models on a PC within at most 50 seconds. Estimators obtained with logistically-constrained dynamics have different properties. We apply this model to daily and weekly foreign exchange returns stock returns and interest-rate changes. We show that skewness exists for many dates and for almost all series except short-term interest-rate changes. This finding is consistent with findings from extreme value theory. Kurtosis exists on fewer dates and for fewer series. There is little evidence at the weekly frequency of time-variability of conditional higher moments. Transition matrices document that agitated states come as a surprise and that there is a certain persistence in moments beyond volatility. For exchange-rate and stock-market data cross-sectionally and at daily frequency we also document co-variability of moments beyond volatility.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 56
Keywords: GRCH, Stock indices, Exchange rates, Interest rates, SNOPT VaR
JEL Classification: C22, C51, G12working papers series
Date posted: December 27, 2010
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