The Price Effect of Eliminating Potential Competition: Evidence from an Airline Merger
John E. Kwoka, Jr.
Northeastern University - Department of Economics
December 24, 2010
The Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 58, Issue 4, pp. 767-793, 2010
This paper analyzes the gain in pricing power that a firm achieves by merging with a potential competitor in its market. Using pricing data for the merger of USAir and Piedmont, empirical analysis finds that prices rose by 5.0 to 6.0 per cent on routes that one carrier served and the other was a potential entrant. This was more than half the increase on routes where the two carriers had been direct competitors. Other important factors included carrier size, market concentration, incumbent's identity and the potential entrant's presence at one or both endpoints.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 27Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: December 30, 2010
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