Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1732593
 
 

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Virtual R&D Teams: A Sustainable Infrastructure for Promoting SMEs


Nader Ale Ebrahim


University of Malaya (UM) - Research Support Unit, Centre for Research Services, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP); University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture

Shamsuddin Ahmed


University of Malaya (UM)

Zahari Taha


University of Malaya (UM)

December 19, 2008

2nd Engineering Conference, 2008

Abstract:     
Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are a major part of the industrial economies. Their survival and growth has therefore been a prominent issue. Research and development (R&D) enables firms to create new technologies and/or to build on existing technologies obtained through technology transfer. Nowadays unpredictable environment suggests that many firms seek new ways of conducting their business through some kind of R&D activities to make a profit and stay ahead of the competition. To survive in the global economy SMEs have to improve their products and processes exploiting their intellectual capital in a dynamic network of knowledge-intensive relations inside and outside their borders. SMEs need to focus on core competences for efficiency matters; they need to cooperate with external partners to compensate for other competences and resources. Responding to the increasing de-centralization and globalization of work processes, many SMEs have responded to their dynamic environments by introducing virtual teams. Virtual teams are growing in popularity. By a comprehensive literature review this article following define a virtual teams, SMEs and its characteristics, addressing a sustainable infrastructure for promoting SMEs. Finally conclude that managers of SMEs should invest less in tangible assets, but more in the areas of expanding virtual R&D activities which will directly generate their future competitive advantage. Future research need to elaborate the effect of virtual R&D team working on the performance of SMEs.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 7

Keywords: Virtual Team, Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), R&D, Literature Review

JEL Classification: Q32, Q31, M11, L15, L23, O14, O31, O4, Z, N6, M2


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Date posted: December 30, 2010  

Suggested Citation

Ale Ebrahim, Nader and Ahmed, Shamsuddin and Taha, Zahari, Virtual R&D Teams: A Sustainable Infrastructure for Promoting SMEs (December 19, 2008). 2nd Engineering Conference, 2008. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1732593

Contact Information

Nader Ale Ebrahim (Contact Author)
University of Malaya (UM) - Research Support Unit, Centre for Research Services, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring (IPPP) ( email )
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
University of Malaya (UM)
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
Malaysia
University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture ( email )
Kuala Lumpur, 50603
Malaysia
Shamsuddin Ahmed
University of Malaya (UM) ( email )
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
University of Malaya (UM)
Kuala Lumpur, 50603
Malaysia
Zahari Taha
University of Malaya (UM) ( email )
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50603
University of Malaya (UM)
Kuala Lumpur, 50603
Malaysia
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