Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1733210
 
 

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Connotation of Minor Millet Biodiversity and Indirect Payments in Tribal Homesteads in the Backdrop of Climate Change


Sreejith Aravindakshan


University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Life Sciences

Sherief AK


Kerala Agricultural University - College of Agriculture

December 29, 2010

First Indian Biodiversity Congress (IBC - 2010): Proceedings, 2010 published by CISSA, Thiruvananthapuram, India

Abstract:     
Unscathed agrobiodiversity remaining in-situ today is found on the small-scale farms and homestead gardens of poorer and developing countries (Brookfield, 2001). The indigenous traditional farming of Muthuvan tribe as the case of Finger millet or Ragi (Eleusine coracana), a minor millet cultivated in the Western Ghats in Kerala in the Indian South is one such classic example for in-situ agrobiodiversity management, based on organic farming systems. On such fields, the use of labour intensive, traditional production techniques have persisted throughout the period of controlled state farming and the market based large-scale farming. The homestead gardens close to fringes of ‘South Western Ghats-the hotspot of biodiversity’ also play a crucial role in tribalistic context, by contributing to the rural livelihoods in time periods and locations when markets or state institutions do not. This paper attempts to analyse the opportunity costs of minor millet cultivation incurred by indigenous tribe in scheming compensations for biodiversity conservation. It further discusses possibilities to deliver a tangible and hopeful alternative towards sustainable livelihood in the backdrop of climate change. The methodology involves use of ‘Switching Regression model’ in the estimation and comprehension of opportunity costs, and further looks at its relevance in traditional farming of underutilised minor millets in the tribal homesteads and is equated in terms of indirect payment for biodiversity conservation. The analysis of results concludes the importance of creating incentives for the conservation of agrobiodiversity, especially the on-farm diversity of underutilised crops and supporting poverty alleviation, and preventing welfare losses among vulnerable communities.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 11

Keywords: agro-biodiversity, muthuvan, minor millets, opportunity cost, payment, organic agriculture, tribal homesteads, sustainable livelihoods, indigenous people, climate change

JEL Classification: O13, Q18, R00, Q56, Q57, Q58

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Date posted: January 1, 2011 ; Last revised: February 26, 2014

Suggested Citation

Aravindakshan, Sreejith and AK, Sherief, Connotation of Minor Millet Biodiversity and Indirect Payments in Tribal Homesteads in the Backdrop of Climate Change (December 29, 2010). First Indian Biodiversity Congress (IBC - 2010): Proceedings, 2010 published by CISSA, Thiruvananthapuram, India. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1733210

Contact Information

Sreejith Aravindakshan (Contact Author)
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Life Sciences ( email )
Bülowsvej 17
Frederiksberg
Copenhagen, Copenhagen 1870
Denmark
+4550355874 (Phone)
Sherief Aliyaru Kunju
Kerala Agricultural University - College of Agriculture ( email )
Vellayani
Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram, IN Kerala 695522
India
HOME PAGE: http://www.kau.edu
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