Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1738467
 
 

References (34)



 


 



Has Enlargement Been, and Will it Continue to Be, a Success? An Evaluation of EU Enlargement's Effects on Policies Pursued by Candidate Countries


Marek Hlavac


Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

January 11, 2011


Abstract:     
In this paper, I discuss whether enlargement has been a successful external policy of the European Union (EU). In particular, I evaluate the policy’s success based on its effects on the policies candidate countries have pursued. I argue that the prospect of entering the European Union has promoted beneficial democratic, economic and social reforms in candidate countries, and therefore can be judged to have been a success.

I focus on two sets of enlargement rounds where the potential for the EU’s influence on candidate countries’ policies was greatest: the 1980s rounds, during which Spain, Portugal and Greece – three countries with then-recent histories of dictatorship – were admitted; and the 2004 2007 rounds, during which twelve new Member States acceded, mostly from the post-communist Central and Eastern Europe.

I conclude that enlargement has, indeed, been a success: The prospect of entering the European Union (EU) has prompted candidate countries to pursue political, economic and social reforms that have contributed to the consolidation of democracy, to improvements in their human rights records, as well as to the betterment of their market economies. Finally, I discuss whether the enlargement process is likely to continue to be successful in improving the candidate countries’ policies, both in the Western Balkans (the likely next focus of EU enlargement), but also in potential further expansions.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 16

Keywords: enlargement, European Union, democratization, economic reform, human rights, democratic consolidation, social reform, Regional Integration, International Organization, Multilevel Governance, Supranational Institutions

JEL Classification: F53, F15, F42, K33

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: January 12, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Hlavac, Marek, Has Enlargement Been, and Will it Continue to Be, a Success? An Evaluation of EU Enlargement's Effects on Policies Pursued by Candidate Countries (January 11, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1738467 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1738467

Contact Information

Marek Hlavac (Contact Author)
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )
79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 408
Downloads: 69
Download Rank: 195,638
References:  34

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo7 in 0.266 seconds