Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1741613
 
 

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The Role of Mothers and Fathers in Providing Skills: Evidence from Parental Deaths


Jerome Adda


University College London - Department of Economics; Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

Anders Bjorklund


Stockholm University; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Helena Holmlund


IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation


IZA Discussion Paper No. 5425

Abstract:     
This paper evaluates the long-term consequences of parental death on children’s cognitive and noncognitive skills, as well as on labor market outcomes. We exploit a large administrative data set covering many Swedish cohorts. We develop new estimation methods to tackle the potential endogeneity of death at an early age, based on the idea that the amount of endogeneity is constant or decreasing during childhood. Our method also allows us to identify a set of death causes that are conditionally exogenous. We find that the loss of either a father or a mother on boys' earnings is no higher than 6-7 percent and slightly lower for girls. Our examination of the impact on cognitive skills (IQ and educational attainment) and on noncognitive skills (emotional stability, social skills) shows rather small effects on each type of skill. We find that both mothers and fathers are important, but mothers are somewhat more important for cognitive skills and fathers for noncognitive ones.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 56

Keywords: family background, cognitive and noncognitive skills, parental death

JEL Classification: J12, J17, J24

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Date posted: January 18, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Adda, Jerome and Bjorklund, Anders and Holmlund, Helena, The Role of Mothers and Fathers in Providing Skills: Evidence from Parental Deaths. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5425. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1741613

Contact Information

Jerome Adda (Contact Author)
University College London - Department of Economics ( email )
Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom
Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)
7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom
Anders Bjorklund
Stockholm University ( email )
Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
S-106 91 Stockholm
Sweden
+46 8 163452 (Phone)
+46 8 154670 (Fax)
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Helena Holmlund
IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )
Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden
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