Finance, Comparative Advantage, and Resource Allocation
University of Lausanne - Department of Economics (DEEP)
June 12, 2012
We show that exported products exit the US market sooner if they violate the Heckscher-Ohlin notion of comparative advantage. Crucially, this pattern is stronger when exporting country has a well-developed banking system, measured by a high ratio of bank credit over the GDP. Banks thus push firms away from exports that are facing an uphill battle on a competitive foreign market due to a suboptimal use of the domestic factor endowment. Our results imply a disciplining role for bank credit in terminating inefficient trade flows. This constitutes a new channel through which finance improves resource allocation in the real economy.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35
Keywords: resource misallocation, finance, comparative advantage, export survival
JEL Classification: F11, G30, O16, G21working papers series
Date posted: January 24, 2011 ; Last revised: April 21, 2013
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