Financial Development and Innovation: Cross-Country Evidence
University of Hong Kong
Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Finance
HKU, Faculty of Business and Economics
February 11, 2013
Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Forthcoming
We examine how financial market development affects technological innovation. Using a large data set that includes 32 developed and emerging countries and a fixed effects identification strategy, we identify economic mechanisms through which the development of equity markets and credit markets affects technological innovation. We show that industries that are more dependent on external finance and that are more high-tech intensive exhibit a disproportionally higher innovation level in countries with better developed equity markets. However, the development of credit markets appears to discourage innovation in industries with these characteristics. Our paper provides new insights into the real effects of financial market development on the economy.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 46
Keywords: financial development; innovation; external finance dependence; high-tech intensiveness
JEL Classification: G15, O30, R11
Date posted: January 23, 2011 ; Last revised: June 15, 2014
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